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2 edition of Inter-individual variations in genome-wide DNA methylation patterns in the human germline. found in the catalog.

Inter-individual variations in genome-wide DNA methylation patterns in the human germline.

Martha Sobolev

Inter-individual variations in genome-wide DNA methylation patterns in the human germline.

by Martha Sobolev

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  • 13 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

Heritable epigenetic modification is an additional layer of information that is stored in the human genome, and contributes to inter-individual phenotypic heterogeneity. Epigenetic misregulation of critical processes such as imprinting, X-chromosome inactivation, and the transcriptional control of genes contributes fundamentally to the etiology of many human diseases. In this study I demonstrate the existence of differences in DNA methylation profiles in germ-cells between healthy males. The experimental strategy included the scanning of CpG islands with microarrays to identify regions of high and low inter-individual variability in DNA methylation patterns in the genome, which was then confirmed with detailed SNaPshot analysis. In addition, a number of genes exhibited age-related methylation changes. Further research may focus on the elucidation of the extent of epigenetic inheritance in humans, a process that may explain why some diseases appear to be sporadic, show weak genetic linkage, or are late-onset.

The Physical Object
Pagination87 leaves.
Number of Pages87
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19215840M
ISBN 109780494163832

  Here, we present an integrated genome-wide approach to uncover the interactions among genetic factors that can explain some of the inter-individual variation in drug response. The International HapMap consortium generated genotyping data on human lymphoblastoid cell lines of (Center d’Etude du Polymorphisme Humain population - CEU) European. DNA methylation is also implicated in T2D develop-ment, insulin resistance, and obesity and may contri-bute to an intermediate stage of T2D pathogenesis [18,27,28]. Altered DNA methylation patterns are observed in multiple tissues of subjects with T2D compared to healthy controls [22,29–31]. Additionally, genome-wide and gene-specific studies.

The DNA methylation landscape of vertebrates is very particular compared to other organisms. In mammals, around 75% of CpG dinucleotides are methylated in somatic cells, and DNA methylation appears as a default state that has to be specifically excluded from defined locations. By contrast, the genome of most plants, invertebrates, fungi, or protists show “mosaic” methylation patterns.   Methylation of DNA is an epigenetic modification essential for the regulation of mammalian genome function [].Patterns of DNA methylation are grossly perturbed in every cancer studied to date [], and have also been established as a highly effective biomarker of age in humans [].DNA methylation thus represents a potentially useful candidate for genome-scale characterisation .

external factors [23]. Aberrant DNA methylation changes in sperm have been shown to increase risk of reproductive failures [24], and to deregulate gene expression and promote genome instability [25, 26]. Moreover, specific alterations of germline DNA methylation are associated with variation in sperm morphology and motility []. We identified genome-wide increases in DNA methylation from cultured samples, especially at CHH sites. The hypermethylation almost exclusively occurred in regions previously possessing non-CG methylation and was accompanied by increases in the expression of genes encoding the RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) machinery.


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Inter-individual variations in genome-wide DNA methylation patterns in the human germline by Martha Sobolev Download PDF EPUB FB2

A survey of inter-individual variation in DNA methylation identifies environmentally responsive co-regulated networks of epigenetic variation in the human genome.

Paras Garg, Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – original by:   DNA methylation has been shown to be involved in many biological processes, including X chromosome inactivation in females, paternal genomic imprinting, and others.

Based on the correlation patterns of methylation levels of neighboring CpG sites among 28 sperm whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) data ( × coverage), we obtai methylation haplotype blocks (MHBs).Cited by: 1. DNA methylation is a key component of mammalian gene regulation and the most classical example of an epigenetic mark.

DNA methylation patterns are mitotically heritable and stable over time, but they undergo considerable changes in response to cell differentiation, diseases and environmental by:   Variation in gene expression is closely associated with DNA methylation, with expression levels of % of genes strongly correlating with nearby CpG methylation, and many of these genes being differentially expressed between : Heini Maaret Natri, Heini Maaret Natri, Katalina S Bobowik, Pradiptajati Kusuma, Pradiptajati Kusuma.

Allele-specific DNA methylation occurs at distinct regions of the mammalian genome: (1) at imprinted loci as a result of genomic imprinting in the germline, (2) at gene promoters on the silent X chromosome in females as a result of X inactivation during early embryogenesis and (3) at non-imprinted autosomal loci as a consequence of genetic variation in cis (haplotype-dependent allele-specific methylation, hap-ASM Cited by: However, little is known about genome-wide variation of DNA methylation patterns.

In this study, we introduced the concept of methylation entropy, a measure of the randomness of DNA methylation patterns in a cell population, and exploited it to assess the variability in DNA methylation patterns of Alu repeats and promoters.

Wang, D. et al. Individual variation and longitudinal pattern of genome-wide DNA methylation from birth to the first two years of life.

Epigenetics: Official Journal Of The Dna Methylation. The widespread use of accessible peripheral tissues for epigenetic analyses has prompted increasing interest in the study of tissue-specific DNA methylation (DNAm) variation in human populations. To date, characterizations of inter-individual DNAm variability and DNAm concordance across tissues have been largely performed in adult tissues and therefore are limited in.

In particular, the inter-individual methylation fixation could indicate both a pure epigenetic fixation or a genetic variation associated with a specific methylation pattern. In the first case, it might be possible that a random methylation pattern could have somehow improved the human adaptation, by providing a favorable phenotype in a.

Here, using isolated murine sperm cells, ultra-low-input native ChIP -Seq (ULI-NChIP-Seq), and Whole Genome Bisulfite Sequencing (WGBS), we investigated genome-wide DNA methylation patterns and.

To date, nearly all genome-wide methylation studies of natural variation in DNA methylation, either within a genetically identical population following several generations, or across distinct genetic populations or tissue-types, compare average DNA methylation states of pooled individuals or less than 2 individuals per generation [18, 25–36].

Author Summary Epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation are implicated in the development of human disease. However, genome-wide epigenetic analyses in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) remain scarce.

In this study we aimed to unravel the epigenetic basis of T2D by analyzing DNA methylation ofCpG sites in human pancreatic islets from T2D and non-diabetic donors. knowledge of DNA methylation patterns. A study published in early estimated that DNA methylation of less than % of the human genome has been analyzed in detail (Schumacher et al., ).

A number of recent reports have considerably expanded our knowledge of eukaryotic DNA methylation (Bibikova et al., a. DNA methylation age can also serve as a biomarker to predict life span and age-related conditions (Field et al., ).

The epigenetic signatures of the donor are erased and replaced by germline-spe-cific epigenomes in germ cells (Reik, Dean, & Walter, ). Because DNA methylation patterns largely differ between sperm and somatic.

Male germline‐specific DNA methylation patterns are established after prenatal mitotic arrest of spermatogonia and completed postnatally during meiosis (Boyano, Andollo, Zalduendo, & Arechaga, ).

By immunolocalization, it was shown that the DNA methyltransferases DNMT1, DNMT3A, and DNMT3B are present in spermatogonia and spermatocytes. Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation. A number of approaches exist that enable the large-scale analysis of DNA methylation.

The Human Epigenome Project () has used standard sequencing approaches to sequence a massive amount of bisulfite-converted DNA from human tissues and primary cells, and has identified a substantial number of tissue-specific differentially methylated.

Genomic DNA methylation patterns may exhibit considerable variation among human individuals, as well as intraindividual changes over time (23–26). Large-scale epigenome mapping revealed that CpG-rich regions exhibit substantially less interindividual variation of.

DNA demethylation is the process of removal or modification of a methyl (CH 3) group on DNA can be achieved through both passive and active mechanisms. Passive demethylation could occur due to the absence of DNMT1 activity, with the newly synthesized DNA strands losing the methylation patterns such that upon several additional rounds of replication and division, this.

Background: DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification that plays an important role in regulating gene expression. There is evidence that the hypermethylation of promoter regions always causes gene silencing.

However, how the methylation patterns of other regions in the genome, such as gene body and 3’UTR, affect gene expression is unknown. A recent study has demonstrated that some inter-individual variation in DNA methylation is correlated across brain and blood in humans (Davies.

A cluster of samples at the top of the heatmap displayed seemingly distinct DNA methylation patterns within the deleted region. Many of the probes that fell within this region, exemplified by P2, P4 and P5 (Figure 1A), displayed apparent intermediate levels of DNA methylation.

These samples also had substantially lower total intensities in this.DNA methylation is a stable epigenetic mechanism that has important roles in the normal function of a cell and therefore also in disease etiology.

Accurate measurements of normal and altered DNA methylation patterns are important to understand its role in .A Genome-Wide Study of DNA Methylation Patterns and Gene Expression Levels in Multiple Human and Chimpanzee Tissues Athma A.

Pai1*, Jordana T. Bell1¤a, John C. Marioni1¤b, Jonathan K. Pritchard1,2*, Yoav Gilad1* 1Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, 2Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago.